the state of Macbeth’s mind

She should have died hereafter;
There would have been a time for such a word.
To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow,
Creeps in this petty pace from day to day
To the last syllable of recorded time,
And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
The way to dusty death. Out, out, brief candle!
Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player
That struts and frets his hour upon the stage
And then is heard no more: it is a tale
Told by an idiot, full of sound and fury,Signifying nothing.

Shakespeare shows us that Macbeths mind is slowly deteriorating over the course of the play. He uses a number of different methods that can be seen in this play.

In this quote Macbeth is saying that everything that he has worked for is lost. His wife has just died and now thee is an army outside his castle camouflaged as the woods. In this quote we see Macbeth say  “Life’s but a walking shadow”.

Shakespeare uses personification here to put Macbeth’s thoughts into perspective. Traits of shadows are that they aren’t actually made of something. Its not a substance, it is just light being blocked off. This could show us that Macbeth believes that his life has become dark and meaningless. After all the work he had done under control of his wife, she has died. Now all that’s left is him. I believe Shakespeare us going through this and showing us how empty Macbeth is to show us the consequences of playing with fate and making immoral choices.

Shakespeare also uses the structure and the way Macbeth speaks to show that his mind is deteriorating. Throughout the play people of importance will always speak in iambic pentameter. It is a way of showing  different statuses. However in this speech the use of iambic pentameter begins to phase away. It starts of in the usual tempo but as it goes on Macbeth starts talking as if he was an unimportant character. I think that Shakespeare is trying to shift main characters while also showing us that as a consequence of playing with fate he has become insane and has become a different person after all the work he has done throughout the whole play.

Act 3 scene 6

Fleance is being blamed for the killing of Banquo. Lennox called Macbeth a tyrant. The Lord does not like Macbeth as he is a bad leader. He wants Duncan’s sons to come back. Sarcasm lennox” How did it grieve Macbeth! De he not straight in pious rage the two delinquents tear, that were the slaves of drink and thralls of sleep?


Macbeth soliloquy

he sends everyone away to do the deed.

“dagger of the mind” He is imagining a dagger. The dagger handle pointing towards him shows that it is showing home the way to kill.

“I have thee not” he can not feel it but yet he can still see it. They would not have had a dagger so he is explaining it to give the audience a feeling of it being there.

its pushing him in the direction that he wants to go but it also is the dagger he wants to use. He is saying that the dagger is asking him to kill the king. Justifying his reasons. All things that are telling Macbeth to kill the King are all in his head.

“Mine eyes are made he fools” he doesn’t know whether his eyes are lying or if all other senses are lying.

the clean dagger all of a sudden is covered in blood. This shows that Macbeth is getting closer to kill the King.

“nature seems dead” all that is natural is wrong or dead. Like the witches.

wants the Earth to not make any noise so that no one knows where he is. Sneaking around.

justifying his reasons even more by saying the bell is calling him.

Act 1 scene 4

  1. They haven’t come back someone said that he saw he thane of Cawdor die. At death he confessed and said he was sorry.  The greatest thing he did in his life was accept his death. This shows honour.

He calls Macbeth his cousin. You deserve more than I can give, saying how grateful he is of him.

doing things for Duncan is a good enough reward for him, dishonestly.

“Stars his your fires”  Does not want to be seen by God and himself so does not want it to be seen. Does not want the stars to shine on his dark desires. Stats are in the sky and can be linked to God.

“the eye wink at the hand” does not want to see himself what he is going to do.

Macbeth is becoming very desperate and is doing things that he usually wouldn’t do.

Lady Macbeth thinks Macbeth is to weak and does not have the courage to actually kill the King. She’s going to use her powers of persuasion not get Macbeth to kill the King no matter what.